What Agreements Were Made At The Yalta Conference

On March 1, Roosevelt assured Congress: “I come from Crimea with the firm conviction that we have begun on the road to a world of peace.” [23] However, the Western powers soon realized that Stalin would not keep his promise of free elections for Poland. After receiving considerable criticism in London after Yalta of the atrocities committed by Soviet troops in Poland, Churchill wrote a desperate letter to Roosevelt in which he referred to the large-scale deportations and liquidations of opposition Poles by the Soviets. [23] On March 11, Roosevelt replied to Churchill and wrote, “I am sure we must stand firm on a correct interpretation of Crimea`s decision. They rightly believe that neither the government nor the people of this country will support participation in fraud or mere deception by the Lublin government, and the solution must be as we imagined it in Yalta. [24] The second conference was held in February 1945. This time it took place in Yalta, Soviet Union. From Tehran, the promised second front had been opened by British and American forces in Western Europe, and both sides had made considerable gains against Germany. In the run-up to victory, the Yalta conference focused on what would happen after the war. After Yalta in the USSR, when Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov worried that the formulation of the Yalta agreement could hinder Stalin`s plans, Stalin replied: “Never anything. We will do it later in our own way. [21] While the Soviet Union had already annexed several occupied countries such as (or in Soviet republics), [27][28][29], other countries it occupies in Central and Eastern Europe have been transformed into Soviet satellite states, such as the People`s Republic of Poland, the People`s Republic of Hungary[30] the Czechoslovakian Socialist Republic[31] the People`s Republic of Romania, the People`s Republic of Bulgaria , the People`s Republic of Bulgaria, the People`s Republic of Albania,[32] and later East Germany of the Soviet zone of occupation.

Finally, the United States and the United Kingdom made concessions on the recognition of the then Communist-dominated regions and sacrificed the substance of the Yalta Declaration while remaining in form. [34] Yalta was the second of three war conferences among the Big Three, preceded by the Tehran Conference in 1943 and followed by the Potsdam Conference in July 1945, attended by Stalin, Churchill (replaced part-time by the new British Prime Minister Clement Attlee) and Harry S. Truman, Roosevelt`s successor. The Yalta conference was a turning point in the Cold War. But as his troops occupied much of Germany and Eastern Europe, Stalin succeeded in effectively ratifying the concessions he had made to Yalta and putting pressure on his advance on Truman and Churchill (replaced by Prime Minister Clement Atlee in the middle of the conference). In March 1946, barely a year after the Yalta Conference, Churchill delivered his famous speech in which he declared that an “iron curtain” had fallen on Eastern Europe, marking the definitive end of cooperation between the Soviet Union and its Western allies and the beginning of the Cold War.